The US withdrawal from the Iran deal: One year on

The US withdrawal from the Iran deal: One year on

On 8 May last year, US President Donald J. Trump announced that the United States would pull out of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which sets limits on Iran’s nuclear programme to ensure that it cannot produce nuclear weapons. Despite the US withdrawal, the JCPOA remains in force; it is a multilateral agreement to which seven of the original eight parties still adhere.

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Dissecting international concerns about Iran’s missiles

Dissecting international concerns about Iran’s missiles

While trying to save the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), or the Iran nuclear deal, some European leaders have stepped up pressure on Iran’s ballistic missile programme, simultaneously demanding talks and threatening sanctions. Iran—which sees ballistic missiles as crucial to the country’s defence—has responded by saying that its missile programme is non-negotiable.

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Do Irans New Space Launchers Violate International Law?

Do Irans New Space Launchers Violate International Law?

This is not the first time the U.S. has criticized Irans space-launch vehicles, and it is not the first time Iran has rejected that critique. But who is right? Does Security Council Resolution 2231 forbid Iran from testing new space-launch vehicles? Relatedly, can Iran readily convert its space-launch vehicles, which are purportedly designed to launch telecommunication satellites into lower orbit, into ICBMs capable of reaching the U.S.?

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The one Iran deal the US should keep

The one Iran deal the US should keep

The US-Iran Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and Consular Rights was signed on 15 August 1955 two years after the coup in Iran. The aim was to solidify the young Shah’s position domestically, while advancing US political and economic power in Iran. Ever since, this little-known treaty remained the only valid and working legal framework for US-Iranian bilateral relations, despite the absence of any true “amity” between them.

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Iran v USA: ‘Economic Warfare’ and International Law

Iran v USA: ‘Economic Warfare’ and International Law

On the 3rd of October 2018, the International Court of Justice laid down its judgement in the case of Islamic Republic of Iran v United States of America. The decision came in response to an application by Iran for the indication of provisional measures relating to alleged American violations of the 1955 Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and Consular Rights between the two states.

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Degrading the International Law by the Trump Administration Regarding the JCPOA

Degrading the International Law by the Trump Administration Regarding the JCPOA

One of the most contentious decisions taken by President Trump is the withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), colloquially known as the ‘Iranian nuclear deal’, and the re-imposition and possible expansion of nuclear-related sanctions on 8 May 2018 and 5 November 2018.

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The Iranian Suit against the US Sanctions and the 1955 Treaty of Amity: Brilliant Plan or Aberration?

The Iranian Suit against the US Sanctions and the 1955 Treaty of Amity: Brilliant Plan or Aberration?

The Iranian economy is already feeling the effects of the United States economic sanctions that are successively being reinstated following the US withdrawal from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on 8 May 2018. In an attempt to save what can be saved, Iran seized the International Court of Justice in July requesting the latter to order and declare that the 8 May and subsequent sanctions are unlawful; that the United States shall stop its threats with respect to the further announced sanctions and that it shall compensate Iran.

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The Israeli Strikes on Iranian Forces in Syria: a case study on the use of force in defence of annexed territories

The Israeli Strikes on Iranian Forces in Syria: a case study on the use of force in defence of annexed territories

Reacting to the alleged Iranian attack and to Syria and Iran’s condemnation of Israel’s response as an act of aggression against Syria, the governments of the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany explicitly referred to Israel’s right to act in self-defence against Iran.

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Challenges before the United States President in Attacking Syria

Challenges before the United States President in Attacking Syria

Started in 2011, conflict in Syria is one of the controversial and complicated conflicts that has ever happened so far. It has been put forward by the United States and its allies alleging that the Government of Syria has used chemical weapons against its own people; however, these allegations have never been verified by an authentic entity such as the United Nations or Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).

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Irans Ballistic Missile Program from an International Law Perspective

Irans Ballistic Missile Program from an International Law Perspective

After taking office, President Trump transferred the decision-making process regarding JCPOA to several cabinet secretaries. In harmony with the president, the House of Representatives as its first step against the JCPOA, passed a bill titled "Iran Ballistic Missiles and International Sanctions Enforcement Act" (the House Bill) on 30 October 2017 which might be passed by the Senate and signed by the President in the near future.

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